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Mon. Jan 1st 2018
Happy New Year!

This past year has been another busy one for the department! With close to 500 calls (489 to be exact) we are below our avera...

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Fri. Dec 15th 2017
Santa in the Township!

Keep your eyes open this weekend! The "Big Man" will be taking a ride around the township on our trucks to make sur...

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Thu. Dec 14th 2017
Sunoco Pipeline Awards the DTVFD

On Tuesday, December 12, Sunoco Pipeline and its parent company, Energy Transfer Partners, awarded the Derry Township VFD wit...

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Pleural Mesothelioma

All information given below was found at https://www.pleuralmesothelioma.com/cancer/:

 

Pleural Mesothelioma

Receiving a pleural mesothelioma diagnosis can be a frightening and confusing time for families. Learn the need-to-know information that will help you treat and cope with this rare cancer.

Lung Diagram of Pleural Mesothelioma

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare, aggressive cancer that develops in the thin layer of tissue surrounding the lungs known as the pleura. The disease is caused primarily by the inhalation of microscopic asbestos fibers. Once these fibers are inhaled, they can become lodged in the lining around the lungs. The fibers accumulate in the body, and cause cellular and genetic damage that can ultimately lead to cancer.

It's the most common of the four types of mesothelioma, accounting for about 75 percent of all cases diagnosed annually in the U.S. More than 2,000 people are diagnosed with this pleural cancer each year.

A majority of these cases are traced to occupational exposure to asbestos, which put factory workers, shipyard workers, mechanics and construction workers at the highest risk. Keep in mind, it can take anywhere from 10 to 50 years after exposure for the cancer to develop.

Get a Free Mesothelioma Packet

Steps to Take After Receiving a Pleural Mesothelioma Diagnosis

It’s hard to know exactly what to say or do after a cancer diagnosis. You need to know that each day counts, especially with an aggressive cancer like pleural mesothelioma (PM). The next steps you take are important for your health and well-being. That is why we are here to help.

Find a Specialist

Many cancer doctors (oncologists) have never seen a case of malignant pleural mesothelioma. That’s why it’s important to find a qualified physician to oversee your care. You may need to travel to find the right specialist.

Mesothelioma specialists diagnose and treat this disease regularly, so they know how to deal with it. They can make more knowledgeable decisions on the best course of treatment for your case.

Having an experienced doctor can make all the difference. To fight this cancer, it will take someone who understands not only what you are going through, but what it takes to help you live longer.

 

Occupations Overview

In the majority of pleural mesothelioma cases, doctors can link the diagnosis to on-the-job exposure to asbestos, a toxic mineral fiber. According to World Health Organization estimates, approximately 125 million people face workplace exposure to asbestos worldwide. This exposure accounts for more than 100,000 occupational deaths per year from diseases like pleural mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis.

Starting in the late 1800s, when Canadian companies first began mining asbestos on a massive scale, dozens of industries embraced the fibrous mineral for its natural resistance to heat, flame, electricity and chemical damage. These desirable qualities, in addition to its affordability, motivated companies around the world to incorporate asbestos into thousands of consumer and industrial products, including textiles, insulation and building materials. Prior to the 1960s, the public knew little to nothing about the potentially fatal consequences of asbestos exposure.

By the mid-1970s, approximately 200,000 Americans made their livings manufacturing asbestos products. Some of these workers handled the toxic mineral on a daily basis, often in poorly ventilated areas and without adequate safety equipment. Millions more worked in secondary industries regularly plagued by excessive on-the-job exposure, including shipbuilding, construction, and automobile sales and repairs. According to one study, 27 million workers in the United States were exposed to airborne asbestos fibers between 1940 and 1979.

How Does Occupational Asbestos Exposure Occur?

Pleural mesothelioma, lung cancer and other asbestos-related diseases can arise when workers inhale asbestos dust. In certain occupational settings — especially those where workers mine and process raw asbestos, manufacture asbestos-containing products or repair buildings or machinery with asbestos components — the risk for harmful exposure is high.

While a dramatic reduction in asbestos use has reduced harmful exposure in industrial settings, construction workers continue to face serious exposure risks while repairing and demolishing asbestos-contaminated buildings.

Since the 19th century, extensive use of asbestos in factories, shipyards and dozens of other industrial settings has polluted countless jobsites with airborne fibers. Activities like mining, pouring and mixing raw asbestos release deadly clouds of asbestos dust into the air. Workers have also suffered asbestos exposure while servicing asbestos-containing automotive brakes, cutting asbestos-coated cement pipes and applying spray-on asbestos fireproofing materials.

When workers perform tasks like these without taking proper safety measures — as they often did before the dangers of asbestos were widely known — the microscopic fibers circulating in the air enter the lungs. Unlike some other airborne contaminants, the body has difficulty expelling asbestos fibers. The inhaled asbestos becomes trapped and accumulates in the lungs over time. The fibers can penetrate the lung tissue and enter the pleura, two layers of tissue that surround and protect the lungs.

As the fibers migrate about the lungs, they cause scarring that worsens over time and can severely impair breathing. Eventually, sometimes 10 to 50 years after the initial exposure, the asbestos can trigger genetic changes in the cells of the pleura that cause cancerous tumors to form.

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Occupations at High Risk for Asbestos Exposure

Before federal organizations like the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) enacted strict regulations on asbestos use, numerous industries hailed the material as a cheap, effective insulator and put it to extensive use. Manufacturers used asbestos to make numerous products ranging from gaskets and brakes to insulation, cement and drywall.

Workers who processed raw asbestos, manufactured asbestos products or worked with asbestos-containing materials were regularly exposed to the deadly fiber, generally without any knowledge of its cancerous health effects.

Occupations frequently exposed to asbestos include:
  • Painters
  • Automotive and aircraft mechanics
  • Machinists
  • Mill workers
  • Railroad workers
  • Bricklayers and masons
  • Welders
  • Power plant workers
  • Chemical workers
  • Coal and petroleum workers

Miners

One of the most hazardous occupations in terms of asbestos exposure was mining. While all miners historically struggled with low pay and hazardous working conditions, the high risk for pleural mesothelioma and other asbestos-related diseases made asbestos mining particularly dangerous.

In order to preserve the valued physical properties of asbestos, miners would excavate it dry — a technique that amplified the amount of dust released into the air. Once the raw asbestos ore arrived at the mill, workers fed it into primary crushers where it was crushed and sorted. As the milling process continued, more and more dust was generated. One of the most dangerous steps was bagging, which involved pressing the fiber into burlap sacks by hand.

Shipyard Workers

The use of asbestos aboard Navy and civilian ships exposed countless workers to the toxic mineral. According to Dr. Irving J. Selikoff, one of the first medical researchers to link asbestos to cancer, all U.S. merchant marine vessels built before 1975 contained extensive asbestos insulation materials. Shipbuilders sprayed asbestos onto bulkheads and deckheads and used the material to insulate pipes and machinery from bow to stern.

During World War II, the pressure to rapidly produce ships took precedence over the safety of workers. And the dangers of asbestos weren’t exclusive to shipbuilders. Other people who shared workspaces at the shipyards, such as electricians, faced exposure as well. Navy sailors and the crew aboard civilian ships also experienced considerable risks. Veterans of the Navy and other branches of the military faced regular asbestos exposure throughout their careers, and often found work in other asbestos-reliant industries after serving their country.

U.S. Maritime Commission studies revealed that a ship’s motion at sea and engine vibrations causes asbestos materials to crack and flake. The agitation releases fibers into the air, and on-board ventilation systems circulate the dust to living quarters, mess halls and other ship compartments. In one study investigating the asbestos-related lung injuries of more than 3,000 U.S. merchant marine seamen, researchers found that the most dangerous exposure occurred in the engine departments, decks and mess halls of ships.

Factory Workers

In the first half of the 20th century, countless factories and industrial plants across the United States subjected workers to asbestos dust. Factory workers employed by asbestos manufacturing giants like Johns-Manville and Raybestos-Manhattan endured heavy exposure on a daily basis, as they often handled raw asbestos before it was processed into insulation, mill board, textiles and a wide range of other products.

Plenty of factory jobs not directly related to the asbestos industry were frequent sites of harmful exposure as well. Paper mills, textile mills, chemical plants and power plants all contained products or machinery that housed asbestos. Boilers, pipes and turbines housed asbestos insulation that would deteriorate over time and pollute the air.

Current Occupational Exposure Risks

Heavy occupational exposure to asbestos peaked in the 1960s and 1970s and declined in the years that followed as the government heightened workplace safety regulations. Since then, the industrial use of asbestos has significantly decreased.

Today, workers in the construction industry experience the heaviest exposure to asbestos. Tasks like maintenance, repair, renovation, demolition and asbestos abatement often put workers in contact with asbestos that is friable, or easily crumbled by hand. Compared with nonfriable asbestos, which poses minimal risks to health, friable asbestos can easily release fibers into the air. Nonfriable asbestos can become friable, if it is crushed, sawed, sanded or disturbed in another way that releases dust.

Construction activities in older buildings are most dangerous since insulation and many other building materials manufactured before 1975 contain asbestos. While the government has phased out most asbestos-containing materials, asbestos can still be found in roofing materials, vinyl tile, cement pipe and corrugated sheeting. Workers must handle and dispose of these materials properly to ensure safety and avoid asbestos exposure.

According to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, the incidence of asbestos-related disease among occupationally exposed people is beginning to peak, and is expected to decline over the next two decades.

Call Total for this Year:

38

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Upcoming Fundraisers

The 13th Annual Cash Bash will be held on February 3rd, 2018 at St. Mary's Dome. Doors open at 5:00pm, and the first drawing is at 6. Food and drink are included in your ticket purchase. The cash bash is our biggest event of the year, and helps us buy much needed equipment in order for us to better serve you! Come and have a blast while winning some money! 

Contact a member or call the station (724-539-4158) to purchase tickets. We thank you for your donation!

 

Please click the tab "Cash Bash" to view an expanded version of the ticket

 

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Bradenville Fire Department
1310 High St.
Bradenville, PA 15620
Non-Emergency: 724-539-4158
Emergency: 911
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